Andrew G. Biggs is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a position he has held since 2008. Before joining AEI, Mr. Biggs held multiple positions in the Social Security Administration, including Principal Deputy Commissioner from 2007 to 2008, Deputy Commissioner for Policy from 2006 to 2007, and Associate Commissioner for Retirement Policy from 2003 to 2007. Mr. Biggs served as an Associate Director in the White House National Economic Council in 2005. From 1999 to 2003, Mr. Biggs worked as a Social Security Analyst at the Cato Institute. He previously served as the Director of Research at the Congressional Institute from 1998 to 1999. Mr. Biggs received a B.A. from Queen’s University Belfast, an M.Phil. from Cambridge University, an M.Sc. from the University of London, and a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics.